Топик : Valley of the Kings 

Полнотекстовый поиск по базе:

Valley of the Kings

Главная >> Топик >> Иностранный язык

Valley of the Kings

The Valley of the Kings is a desert valley located on the west bank of Thebes, the political and religious capital of the New Kingdom.

It was first used as a royal necropolis by Thutmosis I, although it was his predecessor, Amenhotep I, who was considered as the patron-god of the valley by the actual builders of the tombs.

The last known king to have built a tomb in the Valley was Ramesses XI, the last king of the New Kingdom, although it is doubtful that he ever used that tomb.

Despite its modern name, a minority of tombs was built for members of the royal family and their entourage.

The valley has two main branches: the East Valley, where most of the royal tombs are situated and the West Valley, that only contains the tombs of Amenhotep III and Ay, and some pits. The tombs of most of the New Kingdom kings have been discovered over the years: some were already open to public during the Greek-Roman era, others have only recently been unearthed.

All of the tombs have fallen victim to one or several visits by tomb robbers, even the famous tomb of Tutankhamun that was discovered almost intact in 1922 by Howard Carter!

In an effort to save the royal mummies from destruction, and to salvage the remaining treasures of the royal tombs, the priests of the end of the 20th and the 21st Dynasty opened the tombs, collected the mummies and buried them in two or more "caches". The first "cache" was a rock tomb high up in the mountains of Deir el-Bahari that was probably intended as the family tomb of the 21st Dynasty king-priests. The second "cache" was the tomb of 18th Dynasty king Amenhotep II. Not every royal mummy of the New Kingdom has been found, so there is room for the hypothesis that there may have been a third "cache" which has not yet been identified as such or which has not yet been discovered.

The only royal mummies to have been found in their own tombs were those of Amenhotep II, who was re-buried in his own tomb by the 21st Dynasty priests, and Tutankhamun, whose tomb lay undisturbed from the middle of the 20th Dynasty on.

Список литературы

Для подготовки данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта http://www.ancient-egypt.org

Похожие работы:

  • The Doctrine of the "Mysterious Female" in Taoism

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... : 1. §6: The valley spirit never dies-it is called the mysterious female"; The gate of the ... , 39, 41). Clearly this valley is the principle of generation which bears ... of this teaching and the teacher of the kings, age after age appearing ...
  • The Old Indian Civilization

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... a warlike people called the Aryans migrated into the Indus Valley. The Aryans were a fair ... all the kings of India joined on one side or the other. The Kauravas ... remote times, the two epics have been the two eyes of the nation guiding it ...
  • A history of the english language

    Курсовая работа >> Иностранный язык
    ... and gifts seized in the military campaigns. The kings and noble people belonged ... is the method of indicating the quantity of the vowels. The shortness of a vowel, in ... the singular and the plural, and in two large classes of verbs the vowel of the ...
  • The war of the roses

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... 300 yards apart the Yorkists halted to discharge one volley of heavy ... Bosworth as the end of the Wars of the Roses. The first of the king ... became virtually petty kings within their own domains: the great northern families ...
  • Философия грамматики

    Книга >> Иностранный язык
    ... глагольного корня (K. Wulff, Festschrift Vilh. Thomsen, 49). Иногда ... убедительно отстаивает Сараув (Sarauw, Festschrift Vilh. Thomsen, 1912, стр. ... падеж, kings в предложении I saw the kings „Я видел королей“ и в сочетании for the kings „для королей ...
  • The History of English

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... under the control of Scandinavian kings. Throughout this period the English kings also ruled ... probably saw little enough of the beef, veal, mutton and pork, which ... (to sing) й у Long front [e] vowel; resulted from the i - mutation of у; German Meer ...
  • The role played by the german and scandinavian tribes on english language

    Реферат >> Иностранный язык
    ... a wholly foreign tongue. The policy of the English kings in the period when they ... . Oc­casionally, though not very often, the vowel of a word gives clear proof ... -European accent was not on the vowel immediately preceding, such voiceless spirants ...
  • The history of Germany and tourism

    Курсовая работа >> Иностранный язык
    ... their jaw-jutting remains in the Neander Valley near Düsseldorf, this joint ... includes Germany’s old industrial heartland, the Ruhr Valley, and a number of large ... Berlin lies Potsdam, the summer residence of the Prussian kings. The palaces Sanssouci, Neues ...
  • Bonn, Madrid and Rome tourism

    Контрольная работа >> Иностранный язык
    ... are the Basilica in the heart of the city, the venerable Münster in which kings ... were crowned between 1314-46; the two ... example of Romanesque architecture in the Rhine valley. The present prayer house was ...
  • Темы по английскому

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... For nearly 1000 years all the Kings and Queens of England – ... For nearly 1000 years all the Kings and Queens of England – ... Russia and lies in the broad, shallow valley of the Moskva River, a ... tributary of the Oka and thus of the ...