Топик : The history of Ancient Egypt 

Полнотекстовый поиск по базе:

The history of Ancient Egypt

Главная >> Топик >> Иностранный язык

The history of Ancient Egypt

The more than 3000 year long history of Ancient Egypt has been divided into 8 or 9 periods, sometimes called Kingdoms. This modern-day division is somewhat arbitrarily based on the country's unity and wealth and the power of the central government. The Ancient Egyptians themselves did not group their rulers according to such criteria. They rather seem to have developed the notion of dynasties throughout their history. The Palermo Stone simply lists the kings one after the other, without any apparent need of grouping them. The Turin Kinglist, which is more recent, has grouped the kings according to their descendance or origin. Thus, Amenemhat I and his descendants, are described as the kings of Itj-Tawi, the capital whence they ruled. We owe the division into 30 dynasties as we use it now to Manetho, an Egyptian priest who lived at the beginning of the Ptolemaic Era. In many cases, however, it is not clear why Manetho has grouped some kings into one dynasty and other kings into another. The 18th Dynasty, for instance, starts with Ahmose, a brother of the last king in Manetho's 17th Dynasty. Theoritically, Ahmose and Kamose should thus have been grouped in the same dynasty. Thutmosis I, on the other hand, does not appear to have been related to his predecessor, Amenhotep I, but still both kings are grouped in the 18th Dynasty.

Some Egyptologists have attempted to abandon the notions of Kingdoms and dynasties, but for the sake of conformity with most publications dealing with Ancient Egypt, this site will continue using both notions. Visitors may, however, notice that the timeline below and the timescale used throughout The Ancient Egypt Site may be somewhat different from some of the other books or web-sites they have consulted.

Visitors should also be aware that, as is the case with any publication dealing with Ancient Egypt, dates are approximations and should not be taken literally. In many cases it is not known just how long a king may have ruled. Comparing different publications on the hisory and chronology of Ancient Egypt, visitors may notice that one king may be credited with a fairly short reign in one publication and a fairly long in another. This impacts the absolute chronology, that is to say, Egyptian history using our year numbering.

In The Ancient Egypt Site, some dates will be proposed but again, they should only be seen as approximations and not as absolutes. A discussion on the length of the reign of a king may follow and this discussion may show the likelihood that this king reigned longer or shorter than the dates linked to his reign.

It can thus not be stressed enough that the provided dates are just a frame of reference helping readers to gain insight in the sequence of events and occurences and to have an approximate idea of the age of certain monuments and artefacts.

Список литературы

Для подготовки данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта http://www.ancient-egypt.org

Похожие работы:

  • The history of Old English and its development

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    The history of Old English and its development. In 409 AD the last Roman ... Islands and represented the most ancient population of the Isles, the origin of which ... of all strong verb classes. Except the VII class, they all have ...
  • The history of English

    Учебное пособие >> Иностранный язык
    ... as well as diphthongs except the closest front vowels [e] and ... the first place, the morphological classification of OE nouns rested upon the most ancient ... in the stem of P II. The history of the strong ... Egypt') The other source of the Perf. forms was the ...
  • The History of English

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... yourself on the British Isles in the time of the ancient inhabitants, the Celts. The Celts ... of theories,” Professor History begins his lecture. “The history of written language also ... there is nothing in you Except the will which says to them ...
  • The history of Germany and tourism

    Курсовая работа >> Иностранный язык
    ... Introduction 2 1. Germany: general information 3 1.1 The history of Germany 3 1.2 Germany land 5 1.3 Culture ... with the standard tourist season (except for skiing). The shoulder periods ... with the pavilions charm with the feeling of ancient times. The Potsdam ...
  • The Old Indian Civilization

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... included among the wonders of the world than the pyramids of Egypt”. Some critics ... have gone beyond him, declaring the ... “The story of Ancient Times” by Meclure C.H. “People and Nations World History” by ...
  • History of Great Britain

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... Wales. For the history of the two countries before 1707, see Britain, Ancient; England; Scotland ... steel, the Conservatives made no attempt to reverse the legislation or the ... ’s nationalization of the Suez Canal in 1956. British forces had been withdrawn ...
  • The Palermo Stone an Related Fragments

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... highly valuable in the study of the early history of Ancient Egypt. The exact creation date ... is not known, the earliest ...
  • The National Emblem of the Republic of Kazakhstan

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... are well-known too, like the snake of Egypt or the eagle of Persia ... matrimony. They became the first Turks. From the history of Turkic Kaganate, these ... ram are the ancient ancestors-totems. In the Ancient East the goat was the masculine stimulant ...
  • History of democracy of the USA

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    THE HISTORY OF DEMOCRACY OF THE USA WHAT DO AMERICANS MEAN ... disappeared from ancient Greece and, over the centuries, the translation of the principles and ... groups and, except for certain members of the nobility, the people have had ...
  • The "new class"

    Сочинение >> Политология
    ... are scattered all over Sydney except in the areas of very high ... Ms Betts will dredge up the most ancient ativisms in her attempt ... swings in recent history. Sydney is full of the bustle and ... in Irish history, in the 1950s and 1960s, many of the suburbs Birrell ...