Human rights are those rights and privileges, which belong to any man. Typical elements on any list of basic human rights will be, for example, the rights tofreedom of speech information, religion, the right to family life, the to liberty, education, equality before the law and to a nationality. The list of these rights varies from thinker to thinker. Since the Second World War there have been several official listings. The two most prominent are probably the United Nations Charter of Human Rights and the European Declaration of Human Rights. The Universal Declaration of Human Rights is a charter of civil and political rights drawn by the UN in 1948. The European Convention of Human Rights dates back to 1950. Under the Convention the European Commission of Human Rights was established with the headquarters in Strasburg, France. This Commission investigates complaints of state or individuals.
Civil rights are those rights, which are protected constitutionally as fundamental rights that everyone should enjoy. They fall into two categories: basic human rights and political rights. The political rights include the right to freedom of speech, to form and join a trade union, to protest in public against government policy. These rights are vital for any healthy and liberal society. Everyone has rights including you.
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