I have been learning English for a long time. Learning
foreign languages is simply impossible without knowing the history,
the places of interest the country the language of which you learn.
The big City with its skyscrapers seems to be exciting and
fascinating for me. I want to know more about The New York City,
about its famous places. That is the main reason for my choosing this
New York. Places of interest
Manhattan Geography 2p.
The Financial District 3p.
Greenwich Village and
the East Village. 3p.
of Liberty History 4p.
City Hall 5p.
Brooklyn Bridge 5p.
State Park 6p.
The American Museum of the Moving Image 6p.
Empire State building 7p.
New York Aquarium 7p.
New York. Places of
Although New York is not the
capital of the United States, it is the biggest and most important
city of the country. New York is situated on the Atlantic coast, in
the North-East of the country, in the state of New York at the mouth
of the deep Hudson River. It is the financial and media capital of
the world, the center of the American cultural life and the national
leader in fashion and entertainment. The “Big Apple” is nickname
of the city. New York , with the population of 16 mln people, is the
second largest city and the biggest sea port in the world. It was
founded in 1613 by Dutch settlers. It consists of 5 large boroughs:
Manhattan, the Bronx, Queens, Brooklyn and Richmond. There are a lot
of places of interest in New York. The most famous of them is The
Statue Of Liberty, given to the USA by France in 1886. Its torch
towers about 200 feet above the harbor and can be seen at night for
many miles. It is the largest statue in the world. The Empire State
Building used to be the first, but now it is only the third tallest
building in the world. It is a 102- storied building with an
observatory on he 86 floor. Broadway is the longest street in the
world. It is 12 miles long. It is the center of entertainments. The
Metropolitan Museum is by now probably the richest museum in the
world in painting and other objects of Art, due to what had been
bought from Europeans after World War Two. Besides, we can see the
works of American painters there. The Central Park is the largest
park in the world. The Fifth avenue has the best houses, hotels and
fashionable shops. Times Square is known as New York’s theatre land
the Metropolitan Museum of Art and many other museum are situated
there. The Rockefeller center belongs to the Rockefeller family. It
is 15 skyscrapers housing several large corporations. It is also
known as “Radio City”. There is a theatre , too. The United
Nations Headquarters was built in 1952. The building and the grounds
contain sculptures and other works of art, donated by member nations.
Among them is the gift of the Soviet Union.
New York attract people from all over. Get on a subway
in New York and look at the newspapers that people around you are
reading . One person is reading a newspaper in Spanish , another in
Chinese, yet others in Arabic , Russian , Italian , Yiddish, and
French . New York was always a city of immigrants. It still is .
The are 5 boroughs in New York - Manhattan , Brooklyn ,
Queens , the bronx , and Staten Island. Brooklyn alone has so many
people that if it were a separate city, it would be the fourth
largest in the United States.
Manhattan is an island just 13
miles long and 2 miles wide . It is the center of American finance,
advertising, art theatre, publishing, fashion - and much more. The
borough of Manhattan is what most people think of New York, one of
the most exciting cities in the world.
Manhattan is divided into the East Side and the West
Side. The dividing line is Fifth Avenue. So, for example , East 47th
Street begins at Fifth Avenue, as does West 47th Street.
Manhattan is also divided, with less exactness, into
Lower (Downtown), Midtown and Upper (Up-town) Manhattan. As you go
North, or uptown, the street numbers get higher. Lower Manhattan
refers to street numbers below 14th Street and Central Park, and
Upper Manhattan to the renaming, northern, part of the island.
The Financial District .
The Dutch were the first
Europeans to settle Manhattan. To protect themselves from attack,
they built a sturdy wooden wall. Although it’s now long gone, this
wall gave its name to a street in Lower Manhattan and the street, in
turn, became synonymous with American capitalism. The street, of
course, is Wall Street. The New York Stock Exchange and the American
Stock Exchange are both in the Wall Street area. So are many
stockbrokers, investment blanks and others bank, and headquarters of
many large corporations.
To escape the commotion of Wall Street you can visit the
nearby South Street Seaport, an open area of low buildings on the
East River. In addition to many shops and restaurants, the seaport
has a museum.
Appropriately, the very first business deal in Manhattan
was made in what became the financial district. As every American
schoolchild knows, the Dutch bought Manhattan from the Indians, for
the ridiculously low price of 24 dollars worth of beads and trinkets.
There is, however, another, less known side of this: evidently, the
Indians who had sold Manhattan did not themselves live there or in
any sense own it. The Dutch and the Indians alike walked away
Village and the East Village.
Greenwich Village and the East Village have always been
at the center of New York’s excitement. Both have been places for
people with different and creative ideas. Both have an active
nightlife with plenty of bars, restaurants and clubs.
In the early 1900s the charm Greenwich Village attracted
bohemians - writers and artists. By the 1920s, the streets of the
Village were filled with other people, curious to see how these odd
Villagers lived. The artists and writers began moving out, some to
the East Village. Today, the Village has many elements : students
attending New York University ; an active jazz scene; and in
Washington Square - it’s center - street performers, police. Drug
dealers, joggers, roller skates, and just about everyone else.
bohemians moved to the East Village 1920s, they found an area similar
to the Lower East Side. There were many immigrants, much dirt and
grime. The East Village has changed very little. Over the years it
has been a center for many movements - for the beat poets of the
1950s, the hippies of the 1960s, and, more recently, for New York’s
of Liberty History
The Statue of Liberty National
Monument officially celebrated her 100th birthday on October 28,
1986. The people of France gave the Statue to the people of the
United States over one hundred years ago in recognition of the
friendship established during the American Revolution. Over the
years, the Statue of Liberty has grown to include freedom and
democracy as well as this international friendship. Sculptor Frederic
Auguste Bartholdi was commissioned to design a sculpture with the
year 1876 in mind for completion, to commemorate the centennial of
the American Declaration of Independence. The Statue was a joint
effort between America and France and it was agreed upon that the
American people were to build the pedestal, and the French people
were responsible for the Statue and its assembly here in the United
States. However, lack of funds was a problem on both sides of the
Atlantic Ocean. In France, public fees, various forms of
entertainment, and a lottery were among the methods used to raise
funds. In the United States, benefit theatrical events, art
exhibitions, auctions and prize fights assisted in providing needed
funds. Meanwhile in France, Bartholdi required the assistance of an
engineer to address structural issues associated with designing such
as colossal copper sculpture. Alexandre Gustave Eiffel (designer of
the Eiffel Tower) was commissioned to design the massive iron pylon
and secondary skeletal framework which allows the Statue's copper
skin to move independently yet stand upright. Back in America, fund
raising for the pedestal was going particularly slowly, so Joseph
Pulitzer (noted for the Pulitzer Prize) opened up the editorial pages
of his newspaper, "The World" to support the fund raising
effort. Pulitzer used his newspaper to criticize both the rich who
had failed to finance the pedestal construction and the middle class
who were content to rely upon the wealthy to provide the funds.
Pulitzer's campaign of harsh criticism was successful in motivating
the people of America to donate.
The story of the Statue of Liberty and her island has
been one of change. The Statue was placed upon a granite pedestal
inside the courtyard of the star-shaped walls of Fort Wood (which had
been completed for the War of 1812.) The United States Lighthouse
Board had responsibility for the operation of the Statue of Liberty
until 1901. After 1901, the care and operation of the Statue was
placed under the War Department. A Presidential Proclamation declared
Fort Wood (and the Statue of Liberty within it) a National Monument
on October 15th, 1924 and the monument's boundary was set at the
outer edge of Fort Wood. In 1933, the care and administration of the
National Monument was transferred to the National Park Service. On
September 7, 1937, jurisdiction was enlarged to encompass all of
Bedloe's Island and in 1956, the island's name was changed to Liberty
at the heart of Philadelphia, on Center Square, a National Historic
Landmark rises 510 feet into the air. The exact geographical center
of William Penn's original plan for Philadelphia, Center Square,
known today as Penn Square, was designated by Mr. Penn to be the
location for a building of "publick concerns" - home of
Philadelphia's City Hall.he
huge granite mass of City Hall, throughout its 100+ year history, has
indeed been a building of "publick concerns". An elaborate
temple of local politics, City Hall is one of the nation's finest
examples of French Second -Empire Architectural style. Controversy
has surrounded the building from its earliest conception in 1860 to
the present day. It has weathered severe criticism, hints of bribery
and graft, campaigns to demolish it, shortages of funding to maintain
it, and disrespect of vandals who deface it. Yet, it has also earned
a great deal of respect and admiration as a unique architectural and
future remains uncertain, but its story is fascinating.
VISION FOR A BRIDGE: Plans for a crossing between the city of
lower Manhattan dated back to the early 1800's. When the East River
crossing was planned, Brooklyn, with about 400,000 residents, was
still more rural than urban. The city of New York - which at the time
consisted only of Manhattan - had twice as many residents, and the
bridge was seen as a solution to overcrowding in Manhattan while
spurring development in Brooklyn. The bridge would enable people
and goods to cross the East River quickly, regardless of weather
by David McCullough: A bridge over the East River, joining the cities
of New York and Brooklyn, had been talked about for nearly as long as
anyone can remember… But nothing was done. The chief problem was
always the East River, which is no river at all technically speaking,
but a tidal strait and one of the most turbulent and in that day,
especially, one of the busiest stretches of navigable salt water
anywhere on earth. "If there is to be a bridge," wrote one
man, "it must take one grand flying leap from shore to shore
over the masts of the ships. There can be no piers or drawbridge.
There must be only one great arch all the way across. Surely this
must be a wonderful bridge."
Original cross-section of the roadway on the Brooklyn
Bridge. (Figure by Paul Phillipe Cret and Rudolphe Modjeski.)
With the Manhattan
skyline, the Statue of Liberty and Ellis Island as a spectacular
backdrop to this urban park, Liberty State Park is an extraordinary
and unique public resource. The park hosts more visitors than any
other in New Jersey, currently over 4 million/year, testament to the
public's interest in this special place. Major festivals and other
events are often held in the park. The historic Central Railroad of
New Jersey Terminal (CRRNJ), a grand setting for much of New Jersey's
transportation history in the northeast, sits prominently at the
north end of the park. Liberty Walk, a 2 mile promenade, links a
picnic area, interpretive center and the CRRNJ Terminal while
presenting visitors with a sweeping view of the Hudson River. Liberty
Science Center, a popular attraction for students and families, is
located in the park's western section. Liberty State Park contains
both estuarine and upland habitats. Herons, egrets, migratory
shorebirds, and waterfowl utilize habitat at the park. In the winter,
long-eared owls are often seen near the interpretive center. Liberty
State Park was once an urban industrial area. As a result of this
historical land use, the Division of Parks and Forestry has spent the
past 25 years planning and building park infrastructure as well as
remediating the site for public enjoyment.
As part of the
Division's waterfront improvement initiative for Liberty State Park,
development of an 88 acre Green Park was completed in 1999. The Green
Park is made up of crescent lawns, trails and landscaping
improvements, including newly planted trees, shrubs and wildflower
meadows. Approximately 4 miles of paved walkways have been added, as
well as 7 plaza areas located along Liberty Walk, providing views of
Ellis Island and the Statue of Liberty. The "Save Ellis Island!"
initiative is meanwhile taking action to restore important historic
features of the island where, long ago, immigrants to this country
made their first stop.
American Museum of the Moving Images
35th Street Astoria, NY
The American Museum of the Moving Image specializes in
the art, technology and history of moving image technology. The
museum presents exhibitions, film screenings, lectures, publications,
community filmmaking, conferences and seminars. There is something
for everyone here, with exhibits geared towards "hands-on"
experiences. Some examples of this are: dubbing your own dialogue
over an existing movie's soundtrack, electronically "trying on"
famous movie costumes, editing film, creating movies of yourself, and
many, many behind the scenes attractions. An entire day can easily be
At Fifth Avenue and 34th Street stands New York City’s most famous
fixture - starring in over 90 movies,
a star of
gigantic proportions - The Empire State Building.
Having held the
record as the world’s tallest skyscraper for 40 years - the symbol
of this city was constructed in only two years - 1930 to 31 and the
1,453 foot colossus instantly became a tourist magnet. Even King Kong
came to visit!
Enter the spacious Art Deco lobby lathed in 10,000
square feet of marble, and head downstairs for your ticket to the
observation levels. Lines get pretty long, especially during summer
and the holiday season, but you can fit a trip here any time into
your itinerary, they’re open from 9:30 a.m. until midnight every
New York Aquarium
the history of the WCS, the New York Aquarium’s history is also a
long and successful one. On December 10th, 1896, it opened its doors
for the first time in lower Manhattan in what is now known as Battery
Park, making it the oldest continually operating aquarium in the
United States. On October 31st, 1902, the Aquarium was adopted into
the care of what was then the New York Zoological Society. At the
time, the Aquarium housed only 150 specimens
In 1941, the Aquarium at Battery Park was closed due to
the proposed construction of a bridge from lower Manhattan to
Brooklyn. The Aquarium’s inhabitants were temporarily housed at the
Bronx Zoo until the new aquarium was built after WWII. On June 6th,
1957, the Aquarium opened its doors at its new location in Coney
Situated on 14 acres by the sea in Coney Island, the New
York Aquarium is home to over 350 species of aquatic wildlife and
over 8,000 specimens. The Aquarium continues its mission to raise
public awareness about issues facing the ocean and its inhabitants
with its special exhibits, public events and research. At the
Aquarium’s Osborn Laboratories of Marine Sciences (OLMS), several
studies are currently underway investigating such topics as dolphin
cognition, satellite tagging of sharks, and coral reefs.
(Opened April 20th, 2000):
stampede of horses began greeting visitors to the New York Aquarium
this spring. Seahorses, that is. Located in Sea Cliffs, this new
exhibit features pygmy seahorses, pot-bellied seahorses, giant
seahorses, pipefish and the dramatic leafy and weedy sea dragons.
Find out why these amazing animals are nicknamed "Mr. Mom"
and how they use camouflage to blend into their surroundings. See how
they use a prehensile tail to stay in place and a suit of armor for
much does a walrus weigh? Do sea lions have ears? Could you survive
in the ocean? Can you hold your breath as long as a seal? What does a
California sea otter feel like? The answers to these questions and
many more can be found in this exciting 300-foot recreation of a
rocky Pacific coastal habitat. Sea Cliffs is home to walruses, sea
otters, penguins and seals, all of which can be viewed above and
below the water, along with many different species of fish,
invertebrates and plant life.
Explore the Shore:
the energy of electric fish , and walk through a salt marsh.
Stay dry under crashing waves and touch sea stars, crabs and urchins.
See the wonders of kelp beds, magnificent coral formations and
hundreds of fish species. Hands-on exhibits and video displays
delight all in this indoor education and exhibit center.
mammal demonstrations are held daily in this 1600 seat stadium.
you know Beluga means "white" in Russian? Called the
"canaries of the sea," watch as our Beluga whales swim by
the huge panoramic windows of their exhibit.
eye-to-eye with 400-pound sand tiger sharks. Watch kite shaped
stingrays "fly" through the water while ponderous nurse
sharks patrol the floor of this 90,000-gallon exhibit. And, of
course, the New York Aquarium is home to thousands of other beautiful
and exotic fish. Visit today!
(Central Park South) to 110th Street (Between 5th and 8th (Central
Park West) Avenues)
Central Park, an 843-acre retreat in the midst of
bustling Manhattan, was developed in 1858 by Frederick Olmsted, the
famous landscape architect, and Calvert Vaux. The park combines
beautifully landscaped areas with a remarkable variety of
recreational facilities. Among its many features are: Belvedere
Castle, with scenic views and the children's Discovery Chamber. The
Carousel with its beautiful and historic hand-carved horses. Central
Park Zoo (at 64th Street), with animals living in a 5-acre habitat.
The Charles A. Dana Discovery Center , with scenic views, hands-on
exhibits, and family workshops. Conservatory Garden. Delacorte
Theater (at 79th Street), host to the famous annual Shakespeare in
the Park Festival. Great Lawn, featuring New York Philharmonic
performances. The Heckscher Puppet House, with weekday shows at
10:30am and noon. Lasker Rink. Summer Stage, presenting free
performances and events May through August. Swedish Cottage
Marionette Theatre with performances Tuesday through Friday. Walkman
ice skating rink (at 62nd Street), which is open year-round, with
ice-skating in the winter, and roller skating and miniature golf in
the summer. Also available are the Bethesda Fountain, a model yacht
pond, carousel, two rowing lakes and Sheep Meadow. Guided tours of
the Park by Manhattan National Park Rangers, featuring historic and
natural history. The free tours, on Saturdays and Sundays, last
approximately one and one-half hours, and include a good amount of
walking. Horse-drawn carriages. The Dairy in Central Park near 64th
Street and 5th Avenue is an exhibition -information-sales center for
the park where slide presentations on the park are shown
continuously. The Dairy is the location of the Central Park Visitor
and Information Center. Horse enthusiasts will find plenty of bridle
paths, and horse rentals are available at the West 72nd St stables.
Visitors to Central Park can cruise the park lake on a Venetian
gondola. The 37.5 foot Daughter of Venice was built in Venice and
donated to the city by New York Philanthropist Lucy Moses. The
gondola rides must be reserved by calling the boat house at the above
finish with it’s obligatory to admit that During
my working on the paper, I have learned a lot of facts concerned The
New York City. It was interesting to find out many places of interest
of this beautiful Megalopolis. And to add to this , I got closely
acquainted with many remarkable buildings, theaters, parks. I hope
this knowledge will help many pupils to study foreign countries.
While doing my work I increased the level of my knowledge of English.
I hope the paper, I have made, will be useful and interest for both
teachers and students of you school.
New York City