Топик : New York (работа 2) 

Полнотекстовый поиск по базе:

Главная >> Топик >> Иностранный язык

New York (работа 2)

New York

In 1605 the first Europeans came to Manhattan island from Holland. In 1626, Peter Minuit, governor of the Dutch settlements in North America known as New Amsterdam bought the island from the Native Americans for a few glass necklaces, valued about twenty-four dollars today. In 1609 Henry Hudson entered the River of the Mountains. In 1613 the Dutch built only four small houses on Manhattan as a fur trading station. It was not until 1623, ten years more, that they started a real settlement, town of New Amsterdam in honour of the capital of their country in Europe. In 1644, when the English acquired the island, the village New Amsterdam was renamed New York. Today Manhattan is the heart of America's business and culture. It is the most important banking centre in the world. Fewer than two million of the city's eight million people live on the island.

In 1789 on the steps of Federal Hall George Washington took the oath of office when he became the first president of the United States of America. During the years 1785 to 1790 New York was the capital of the United States. Due to its natural advantages as a harbour, and the rising tide of immigration from all parts of the world the role of New York as the leading city accelerated. Villages grew throughout the entire area.

For the visitor New York means skyscrapers, tremendous traffic, dazzling neon advertisements. Manhattan is full of parallel rows of buildings, those running from north to south are called avenues while those running from east to west are called streets. The avenues and streets have only numbers instead of names. Wall Street from its very beginning became the market place of money. It was here that a walled stockade was erected to repulse the Indians, hence its name. As the city expanded the stockade was dismantled as of no further use, but the market place for the purchase of bonds and securities remained.

Like every big city, New York has its own traffic system. Traffic jams can be terrible, and it is usually quicker to go by subway. It goes to almost every corner of Manhattan. New York is an international city, the place to try something new. It may be an experience you will never forget.


settlement - колония

necklace - ожерелье

value - стоимость

governor - губернатор

skyscrapers - небоскребы

dazzling neon advertisements - сверкающие неоновые рекламы

market place - рынок

stockade -укрепление, форт

dismantle - разобрать

purchase - покупка

bonds - облигации

securities - ценные бумаги

traffic jams - дорожные пробки

subway - метро


1. How did the Europeans acquire Manhattan?

2 Were the Dutch interested in the development of New Amsterdam?

3. Why was New Amsterdam renamed?

4. What is Manhattan today?

5. What happened in New York in 1789?

6. When was New York the capital of the United States?

7. What accelerated the role of New York as the leading city?

8. What does New York mean for visitors?

9. What can you say about New York traffic system?

Список литературы

Для подготовки данной работы были использованы материалы с сайта http://nota.triwe.net/

Похожие работы:

  • New York

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... colony and now when people in New York talking about New Yorkers they ... , who live on Manhattan. New York has five boroughs: Manhattan, ... street – Canal. Most of New York’s skyscrapers are located on ... million immigrants passed through New York when they came to ...
  • New York

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... the War for Independence New York was an important political center ... USA. The population of New York numbers 10 million people, ... speak seventy-five different languages. New York (Part II) Manhattan is ... Like other capitalists cities New York is the city of ...
  • New York

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... over 11 million people. New York is an industrial and cultural ... sky-scrapers were invented in New York and, especially, in Wall ... hotel, and club avenue. New York is the largest port in ... , Columbia University, City Hall, New York Public Library and others. When ...
  • New York City. Capital of USA

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... into neighbouring parts of New York, New Jersey, and Connecticut. New York City is an ... Opera, the New York City Opera, the New York Philharmonic, and the New York City Ballet ... city, 7,322,564; New York PMSA, 8,546,846; New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island ...
  • New York. Places of interest

    Шпаргалка >> Иностранный язык
    ... city of the country. New York is situated on the Atlantic ... is nickname of the city. New York , with the population of 16 ... Times Square is known as New York’s theatre land the Metropolitan Museum ... Soviet Union. So I like New York very mach and I can recommend ...
  • The New-York City, Places of interest

    Топик >> Иностранный язык
    ... topic. Contents 1. Introduction 1p. 2. New York. Places of interest 2p. 3. ... New York Aquarium 7p. 13. Central Park 9p. New York. Places of interest. Although New York ... Festival. Great Lawn, featuring New York Philharmonic performances. The Heckscher Puppet ...
  • Literature in New England

    Дипломная работа >> Иностранный язык
    ... century. Transition 2.6.2. The new literature 2.7. Writers of new York and Pennsylvania 2.7.1. Novelists and ... plying between Falmouth and New York, was now engaged in the hardware ... Bible -- almost his 2.7 Writers of new York and Pennsylvania For some time ...
  • The production of 2H-labeled amino acids by a new mutant of RuMP fucultative methylotroph Вrevibacterium methylicum

    Статья >> Биология
    ... Pathway, 2 nd edn. Plenum Press, New York, p 20 4. Cox J, Kyli D, Radmer ( ... Harbor Laboratory Cold Spring Harbor, New York p 393 14. Mosin OV, ... I, Tsygankov Y, Netrusov A (1991) Transformation of a New Gram-Positive Methylotroph, Brevibacterium methylicum ...
  • The "new class"

    Сочинение >> Политология
    ... the modern intelligentsia constitute a new and oppressive social class. ... Betts argues that this "new class" forms a rootless cosmopolitan ... . The alternative intelligentsia "new class" thesis is really ... has a similar role to New York, Shanghai, Bombay or London ...
  • Designing a website for a new company "Grand Record" cinema

    Лабораторная работа >> Маркетинг
    ... Order Tickets Online and Download New Wallpapers. “Home" page - ... located some new trailers with information about new coming movies ... tickets online and download new wallpapers with popular ... Sheets, John Wiley & Sons, New York Wilinsky, B. 2001, Sure Seaters: ...